What is high blood pressure?
High blood pressure is a serious condition that can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure and other health problems.
Blood pressure is measured as systolic and diastolic pressures. Systolic refers to blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood where as diastolic pressure refers to blood pressure when the heart is at rest between beats. The pressure is said to be high if it is more than 120/80mmHg. A doctor may give someone a high blood pressure diagnosis after several consistently high readings.
Although you can get an accurate blood pressure reading at any given time, blood pressure isn’t always the same. It can vary considerably in a short amount of time. Sometimes from one heartbeat to next depending upon body position, breathing rhythm, stress level, physical condition, the medication you take, what you eat and drink, and even time of day. Blood pressure is usually lowest at night and rises sharply on walking.
You can have it for years without knowing it.
The excessive blood pressure on your artery walls caused by high blood pressure can damage your blood vessels and organs as well.
The highest the blood pressure and the longer it goes, The greater the damage.
• Heart attack:- High blood pressure can cause the hardening and thickening of the arteries which leads to heart attack, stroke or other complications.
• Heart failure:- Pumping blood against the higher pressure thickens the heart muscles those may have a hard time pumping enough blood to meet your body’s needs which can lead to heart failure.
• Weak or narrow blood vessel in your kidney:- Because of high blood pressure the blood vessel in your kidney become weak and narrow and cannot do proper functioning.
• Thickened, narrow or torn blood vessel in the eyes:- This can result in vision loss because due to high blood pressure in the retina. It is known as hypertensive retinopathy.
• Metabolic syndrome:- The syndrome is a cluster of disorders of the body’s metabolism including increased waist circumference high triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (HDL) or good cholesterol, high blood pressure and high insulin levels. It may lead to developing diabetes, heart disease or stroke.
• The trouble with memory:- Unchecked high blood pressure may have a bad effect on your memory and thinking and understanding.
In most cases, there are no clear warning signs of high blood pressure but it may become suddenly and dangerously high and threaten your organs and life.
Types of high blood pressure:-
High blood pressure is often referred to as a silent killer. According to the intensity of the high blood pressure, it has been classified into three major groups.
• Malignant hypertension:- This type of hypertension is extremely high blood pressure that develops suddenly and rapidly and causes some organ damage.
• Secondary hypertension:- The medium of high blood pressure is called secondary hypertension.
• Renal hypertension:- This type of high blood pressure is caused due to kidney disease.
• Age:- The risk of high blood pressure increases with the increase of age. It is greater after the age of 45 and is more common in men. Women develop high blood pressure after the age of 65.
• Race:- It is more common among the blacks.
• Family history:- The children are more prone to it if parents had high blood pressure.
• Being overweight:- Overweight and high blood pressure are directly proportional . “The more the weight the higher the blood pressure”.
• Being inactive:- Inactiveness is the main reason for high blood pressure.
• Using tobacco:- The chemicals in tobacco can damage the lining of the artery wall and narrows them and increases your blood pressure.
• Too much sodium in your diet:- Too much sodium increases blood pressure.
• Too little potassium in your diet:- Potassium helps balance the amount of sodium if there is a shortage of potassium the amount of sodium gets increased and increases the blood pressure.
• Drinking too much alcohol:- Excessive intake of alcohol increases blood pressure.
• Stress:- Stress leads to high blood pressure. Some people try to relax by chewing tobacco or taking alcohol which in turn increase blood pressure.
• Certain chronic conditions:- Conditions such as kidney disease or sleep apnea may cause high blood pressure. Although high blood pressure is most common in adults the children may also have it. In kids, it is growing because of poor lifestyle. Eating habits, lack of exercise which leads to obesity and ultimately to high blood pressure.
• Pregnancy-related problems:- High blood pressure may be due to a pregnancy-related problem called preeclampsia.
• Lemon:- Lemons contain Vitamin C and help keep blood vessel soft and remove any rigidity, reduce high blood pressure and lower the chance of heart failure. Consuming lemon juice regularly is antioxidant that helps neutralize the harmful effects of free radicals.
• Squeeze the juice from 1 or 2 lemons in a glass of warm water.
• Mix it well and drink it daily in the morning on an empty stomach.
• For best result do not add salt or sugar.
• Watermelon seeds:- It contains a compound called cucurbocitrin which helps widen the blood capillaries and helps improve kidney functioning which reduces blood pressure levels and helps a lot with arthritis. They lower blood pressure.
• Grind equal quantity of dried watermelon seeds and poppy seeds.
• Take one teaspoonful of this mixture in the morning on an empty stomach and again in the evening.
• Garlic:- Garlic has blood pressure lowering property. Raw or cooked garlic controls high blood pressure and reduces cholesterol level. It helps relax blood vessel by stimulating the production of nitric oxide and hydrogen sulphide.
• Eat 1 or 2 crushed garlic cloves daily. It promotes good blood flow, removes gas and reduces the pressure on the heart.
• You can also mix 5 or 6 drops of garlic juice in 4 teaspoons of water and take it twice day.
• Banana:- Bananas are a rich source of potassium which controls high blood pressure.
• Eat 1 or 2 banana daily.
• Celery:- It greatly helps control high blood pressure. It relaxes the muscle in and around arterial walls allowing the blood to flow in without any difficulty.
• Try to eat one stalk of celery along with a glass of water daily.
• You can munch celery throughout the day.
• Coconut water:- This water is particularly beneficial for lowering blood pressure. It is good to drink 8 to 10 glasses of this water daily. Coconut water rich in potassium, magnesium and vitamin C which can help decrease systolic blood pressure. You may use coconut oil while cooking.
Ways to control high blood pressure without medicines:-
• Lose extra weight:- Blood pressure increases with the increase in weight so control it.
• Exercise regularly:- Exercise is a sure key to lowering high blood pressure to a safer level.
• Eating a healthy diet:- Eating a diet rich in whole grains through vegetables and low-fat dairy products. A healthy diet can lower blood pressure by 14mmHg.
• Take more of potassium:- Take more of fruit vegetables rather than supplements. Talk to your doctor how to increase potassium in your body.
• Reduce sodium in your diet:- Even a small reduction in the use of common salt can reduce blood pressure by 2 to 8mmHg. Eat process food as fewer as you can.
• Stock or limit the amount of alcohol:- Minimize the use of alcohol.
• Avoid tobacco products:- Stop using tobacco it may raise your blood pressure by 10mmHg or more.
• Reduce your stress:- Stress can temporarily increase your blood pressure. Know the real cause of your stress and try to eliminate.
• Remain in touch of your doctor:- Tell your doctor in detail about the causes of your blood pressure and act according to his advice.
• Get support from family and friends:- Support and encouragement from family and friends improve your health and lowers blood pressure.
India and blood pressure:-
High blood pressure is a global disease. 1/3 RD population of U.S.A is suffering from it. It causes more deaths than any other disease it is because of unhealthy lifestyles and wrong diets. Junk food is playing a major role in increasing the blood pressure. The same is the story with India. The children, in general, and the adults, in particular are becoming obese and are falling prey to high blood pressure which causes unlimited and untimely casualties. People suffering from high blood pressure develop many other types of diseases.